Your doctor may suggest a treatment plan that includes one or more of the following
(Called Balloon angioplasty or Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty/ PTCA) Angioplasty is a technique that uses a tiny catheter fitted with an inflatable balloon to open a narrowed section of coronary artery. Once the catheter reaches the site of the narrowing or blockage, the balloon is then inflated and pushes outward. The inflated balloon opens the narrowed artery by splitting and compressing the blockage (fatty deposits and/or blood clot) against the wall of the artery.
Angioplasty with Stent Placement
It involves insertion of a mesh or spring like metal device inside an artery at a site of narrowing after angioplasty. This will prevent collapsing of the artery.
Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a type of surgery that improves blood flow to the heart. It's used for people who have severe coronary artery disease caused by the build-up of plaque inside the coronary arteries. During CABG, a healthy artery or vein from the body is connected, or grafted, to the blocked coronary artery. The grafted artery or vein bypasses (that is, goes around) the blocked portion of the coronary artery. This creates a new passage, and oxygen-rich blood is routed around the blockage to the heart muscle.
Heart Valve Surgery
With heart valve disease, one or more of the four heart valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction through your heart do not function properly.
During heart valve surgery, the cardiovascular surgeon repairs or replaces the dysfunctional valve or valves. Diseases that may be treated by heart valve surgery include: Aortic valve disease, Mitral valve disease, Pulmonary valve disease, and Tricuspid valve disease.